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COVID-19 heart clinics treating patients with lingering complications

covid heart
Posted at 7:43 AM, Feb 22, 2022
and last updated 2022-02-22 09:43:42-05

LOMA LINDA, Calif. — A mother, wife, and nurse for more than three decades, Regina Juarez has multi-tasked her way through life.

She says her home is always full.

"It's full of grandchildren and love. I have seven grandchildren and two great-grandchildren," said Juarez. "Until I got sick, I could outdo every one of my grandchildren. And they range from 3 to 24."

Working as a home nurse early in the pandemic, she contracted COVID-19 nearly two years ago.

"It was like a relapse. Within two weeks, I was back to being not able to breathe again and my oxygen levels dropping low," said Juarez.

She's among COVID long-haulers with lingering heart problems. The CDC says people can experience a range of new or ongoing symptoms lasting weeks or months after first being infected with the virus.

From boogie-boarding to giving piggyback rides, Juarez can no longer do some of her favorite things.

“I can’t pick them up. I do it, but I very quickly have to put them down," said Juarez. "My body just gets suddenly exhausted and fatigued. And I feel tightness in my chest. So that really, really breaks my heart."

She's now receiving care at the COVID-19 Heart Clinic at Loma Linda University International Heart Institute.

"I tell my patients that this can be their wake-up call," said Purvi Parwani, MD, cardiologist and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Loma Linda University Health.

Dr. Parwani is among a team of specialists managing Juarez's symptoms.

She says they're seeing cardiovascular damage in both patients with severe COVID-19 symptoms and those with mild to no symptoms at all.

"I have patients, young women, who unfortunately had a completely normal life before, and now they have heart failure," said Dr. Parwani.

She says the virus can damage heart tissue and cause inflammation. Patients often experience chest pain, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and irregular heartbeats.

Neither an echocardiogram nor stress test revealed any significant abnormalities in Juarez's case. She then underwent a cardiac MRI, which revealed the presence of fluid around the heart.

"I think partly the problem is that most of the diagnostic tools that we have out there may not be able to pick up the microscopic damage that may go on after this virus infects our body," said Dr. Parwani.

"I was really scared to even walk around outside because of the chest pain," said Juarez. "Was it dangerous? And was it going to take my life?"

After undergoing cardiac rehab, Juarez gained the confidence to resume activities like walking.

“She was able to get my heart stabilized, lower the chest pain and shortness of breath," said Juarez.

Her team of specialists also includes a pulmonologist, cardiologist, and neurologist.

“There is not much data out there," said Parwani. "So, it’s kind of physicians trying to figure it out."

According to Survivor Corps, nearly every state has at least one post-COVID care center. The nonprofit advocates for long COVID patients and works to advance medical research on the condition.

Research at long COVID clinics could help improve treatment for a range of debilitating conditions.

"Ten years down the road, what are we going to see in these patients? We do not know, and that's what we're trying to understand," said Dr. Parwani. “The silver lining in all of this is most of the patients with long haul COVID recover. Their recovery time may vary from six months to one year.”

Dr. Parwani also encourages patients to practice meditation and breathing exercises to manage stress and high blood pressure.

For those hesitant to get the vaccine, health officials say the known risks associated with COVID-19 far outweigh the potential risks of having a rare adverse reaction to the vaccine.

“You have to see your doctor and you have to be an advocate for yourself," says Juarez.

While she's is still on the road to recovery, Juarez looks forward to the day she can return to nursing.

“I try to grab onto all the blessings," said Juarez. "I'm still here. I can still walk and talk and love my family."