The Texas law makes abortions illegal after the detection of a fetal heartbeat, which occurs at about six weeks. At that point — just two weeks after a missed menstrual period — many women aren't even aware that they're pregnant.
The law also does not make exceptions for pregnancies resulting from rape or abortion.
In addition, the law incentivizes private citizens to file suit against anyone who may have assisted in an illegal abortion — be it a doctor, a staff member at a clinic that provides abortions or a rideshare worker who drove a woman to the clinic. Those who successfully sue can be awarded $10,000 at the expense of the defendant.
Earlier this week, Attorney General Merrick Garland said in a statement that the Department of Justice would "protect" the rights of women seeking abortions across the country.
Garland is expected to address the law in remarks at 2:30 p.m. ET.
This story is breaking and will be updated.